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BREMSE gunnery training ship / minelayer (1932)


Photo



Bremse before war

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Bremse   118 RMW Wilhelmhaven 27/4/1930 24/1/1931 14/7/1932 sunk 6/9/1941


Technical data


Displacement standard, t1596
Displacement full, t

2054

Length, m

97.0 wl 103.6 oa

Breadth, m

10.2

Draught, m

2.80

No of shafts

2

Machinery

8 MAN 2-stroke double action diesels

Power, h. p.

26000

Max speed, kts27
Fuel, t

diesel oil 357

Endurance, nm(kts)8000(19)
Armament

4 x 1 - 128/42 SK C/34, 2 x 1 - 20/65 C/30, 350 mines

Complement192 + 90 cadets


Graphics


<i>Bremse</i> before war
Bremse before war
<i>Bremse</i>  
Bremse  


Ship project history


Ship was ordered as "Ersatz Drache" as replacement to a gunnery training ship Drache built in 1908 and was intended for artillerymen training. It was originally supposed to create the ship in destroyer sizes, capable to serve as fleet scout or leader for torpedo boat flotillas, for what torpedo armament and seaplane were planned. Subsequently it have refused, but ship received possibility to carry large quantity of mines, therefore sometimes she is classified as a minelayer. Besides 192 crew members Bremse took aboard 90 cadets.

Experimental machinery represented moderated variant of used on Deutschland class pocket battleships, for checking of used technical decisions. Eight 8-cylinder non-supercharged two-stroke MAN diesels worked on two shafts. Artillery arrangement repeated applied on Bremse class cruisers-minelayers of the First World War period. AA armament under the project consisted from 2 20mm and 4 37mm guns, but latter were never installed. Originally Bremse had a heavy foremast with massive rangefinder top, in 1932 for decrease of the top weight it have replaced by light pole mast.

Modernizations


1939: + 6 x 1 - 20/65 C/30

Naval service


Bremse operated mainly at Norwegian coast. 21/4/1940 she was damaged as a result of navigating accident in Hardanger Fjord, 9/5/1940 she was damaged in dock in Bergen by British aircraft and was under repair till October, 2/12/1940 she was damaged as a result of navigating accident and repaired till June, 1941. 6/9/1941 Bremse was lost in battle against British cruisers Nigeria and Aurora in Tana Fjord.