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fighting ships of the world

KAISERLICHE MARINE (GERMANY)

CRUISERS

KÖNIGSBERG light cruisers (1916-1917)

Königsberg 1918

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Königsberg 210 Weser, Bremen 1914 18/12/1915 12/8/1916 discarded 5/1920, to France (Metz)
Karlsruhe 41 KW Kiel 1915 31/1/1916 15/11/1916 interned 11/1918, scuttled 21/6/1919
Emden 211 Weser, Bremen 1914 1/2/1916 16/12/1916 interned 11/1918, beached 21/6/1919
Nürnberg 595 Howaldtswerke, Kiel 1915 14/4/1916 15/2/1917 interned 11/1918, beached 21/6/1919

 

Displacement normal, t

5440

Displacement full, t

7125

Length, m

151.4 oa 145.8 wl

Breadth, m

14.2

Draught, m

6.32 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Königsberg, Emden, Nürnberg: Marine steam turbines, 12 Marine boilers

Karlsruhe: Marine semi-geared steam turbines, 12 Marine boilers

Power, h. p.

31000

Max speed, kts

27.5

Fuel, t

coal 1340 + oil 500

Endurance, nm(kts)

4850(12)

Armour, mm

belt: 60 - 18, deck: 40 - 20, slopes: 60 - 40, glacises: 100, CT: 100, shields: 50, mine hold: 30

Armament

8 x 1 - 149/42 SK L/45 C/09, 2 x 1 - 88/45 SK L/45 C/13, 2 - 500 TT (beam), 2 x 1 - 500 TT, 200 mines

Complement

475

Ship project history: Built under the 1913 programme the four units of this class were given the names of the commerce raiding cruisers sunk in the early part of the war. The second Emden displayed an Iron Cross on her stemhead in honour of her illustrious predecessor. On trials they all exceeded their designed power by a considerable margin (Karlsruhe with geared HP turbines achieved 55,700shp) but it meant only a 0.25kt above the design speed as the trials were in shallow water. In deep water 29kts would have been exceeded.

Ship protection: Main belt was 60mm thick abreast machinery and 18mm at ship ends, it was closed fwd by 40mm bulkhead. 40mm protective deck above machinery was connected with the belt by 60mm slopes, ship ends were protected by 20mm deck with 40mm slopes. CT had 100mm sides and 20mm roof, guns had 50mm shields and 20mm protection of ammunition hoists. Mine holds were protected by 30mm sides and 20mm roof.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Königsberg (ii) served with the Scouting Forces, became a French reparation after the war and was renamed Metz; she was broken up in 1936 at Brest. Karlsruhe (ii) served with the Scouting Forces and was scuttled at Scapa Flow on 21 June 1919. Emden (ii) served with the Scouting Forces and was interned at Scapa Flow, where she became flagship of Rear-Admiral Ludwig von Reuter on 25 March 1919. She was beached in a sinking condition after the scuttling of the German High Seas Fleet and finally became a French war reparation. As the damage was too great she did not see active service but was used as an explosive trials target and finally scrapped at Caen in 1926. Nürnberg (ii) was beached at Scapa Flow after scuttling and used as a gunnery and explosives target. She was finally sunk on 7 July 1922 off the Isle of Wight.

Königsberg 1917

Ivan Gogin, 2014