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fighting ships of the world

REICHSMARINE / KRIEGSMARINE (GERMANY)

CRUISERS

EMDEN light cruiser (1925)

Emden 1940

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Emden 100 KMW Wilhelmshaven 8/12/1921 7/1/1925 15/10/1925 scuttled 3/5/1945

  

Displacement standard, t

5600

Displacement full, t

6990

Length, m

150.5 wl 155.1 oa

Breadth, m

14.3

Draught, m

5.80 mean 6.60 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Brown-Boveri geared steam turbines, 4 coal-burning and 6 oil-burning Marine boilers

Power, h. p.

45900

Max speed, kts

29

Fuel, t

oil 860, coal 875

Endurance, nm(kts) 5200(18)

Armour, mm

belt: 50, deck: 40 - 20, shields: 20, CT: 100 - 50

Armament

8 x 1 - 149/42 SK C/09, 2 x 1 - 88/45 SK C/13, 2 x 2 - 500 TT, 120 mines

Complement

650

Ship project history: Being the first ship laid down in Germany after defeat in the First World War, Emden (when laid "cruiser A", or "Ersatz Niobe") repeated WWI-era cruiser of Königsberg (ii) class, slightly differing by configuration of superstructures and artillery arrangement. Protection corresponded to a prototype and ensured protection against 152mm shells on midranges. 50mm belt covered about 70% of hull length; 40mm deck was connected with its lower edge by slopes, tapering near ship ends to 20mm. Armament consisted from 8 single 150mm/45 guns of C1906 model, 2 single 88mm/45 obsolete anti-aircraft guns (one more later is added) and two twin 500mm TTs. Turbine units of Brown-Boveri production were single-reduction. 4 boilers from 10 uses coal, remaining oil. In 1934 all boilers were converted to oil-firing; endurance has a little increased.

Cruiser was obsolete already by the moment of commission and most part of career she was used as training ship. Planed re-arming on 4 twin 150mm/48 guns has not taken place; early 1944 150mm/45 guns were replaced by 150mms/48 similar established on 1936A type destroyers.

Ship protection: 3m-high 50mm belt protected 70% of hull length. 20mm main deck connected with lower edge of belt by 40mm slopes. Ship ends outside citadel were protected by flat 20mm lower deck. There was 40mm fore bulkhead. Shell hoists had 20mm protection. CT had 100-50mm sides and 20mm roof.

Modernizations: 1931: - 2 x 2 - 500 TT; + 1 x 1 - 88/45 SK C/13, 2 x 2 - 533 TT

1934: all boilers were oil-burning, oil stowage was 1266t, endurance 5300(18)nm

1939: + 6 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

1942: + 2 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, FuMO 22 radar

early 1944: - 8 x 1 - 149/42; + 8 x 1 - 149/46 Tbts KC/36

Autumn 1944: - 3 x 1 - 88/45, 6 x 1 - 20/65; + 3 x 1 - 105/42 SK C/32, 2 x 1 - 40/56 FlaK 28, 2 x 1 - 37/80 SK C/30, 6 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

2/1945: + FuMO 25 radar

Naval service: Emden was damaged 9/12/1944, grounding as a result of navigating accident in Oslo-fiord, repair was not completed, she was again damaged by Allied aircraft 12/3/1945, 3/4/1945 and 13/4/1945 and finally blown up by own crew at Kiel 3/5/1945.

Emden early 1930s

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14