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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

SUBMARINES

BRUMAIRE submarines (1913-1914)

Foucault 1915

Curie 1914

Curie 1919

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Brumaire Q060 Q26 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1906 29/4/1911 1913 stricken 1930
Frimaire Q062 Q27 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1906 26/8/1911 1913 stricken 1923
Nivôse Q063 Q28 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1906 6/1/1912 1913 stricken 1921
Foucault Q070 Q31 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1907 15/6/1912 1914 sunk 15/9/1915
Euler Q071 Q32 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1907 12/10/1912 1914 stricken 1923
Franklin Q072 Q33 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1907 22/3/1913 1914 stricken 1922
Faraday Q078   Arsenal de Rochefort 1906 27/6/1911 1913 stricken 1921
Volta Q079   Arsenal de Rochefort 1906 23/9/1911 1913 stricken 10/1922
Newton Q080   Arsenal de Rochefort 1907 20/5/1912 1914 stricken 12/1925
Montgolfier Q081   Arsenal de Rochefort 1907 18/4/1912 1914 stricken 1921
Bernoulli Q083   Arsenal de Toulon 1906 1/6/1911 1913 sunk 13/2/1918
Joule Q084   Arsenal de Toulon 1906 7/9/1911 1913 sunk 1/5/1915
Coulomb Q085   Arsenal de Toulon 1907 13/6/1912 1914 stricken 1919
Arago Q086   Arsenal de Toulon 1907 29/6/1912 1914 stricken 1921
Curie Q087   Arsenal de Toulon 1907 18/7/1912 1914 captured by Austria-Hungary 20/12/1914 (U14), returned 7/1919, stricken 3/1928
Le Verrier Q088   Arsenal de Toulon 1907 31/10/1912 1914 stricken 1925

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

397 / 551

Length, m

52.1

Breadth, m

5.14

Draught, m

3.10

No of shafts

2

Machinery

MAN-type diesels / electric motors

Power, h. p.

840 / 660

Max speed, kts

13 / 8.8

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 1700(10) / 84(5)

Armament

7 - 450 TT (1 bow, 4 Drzewiecki drop-collars, 2 ext abeam CT, 8)

Complement 29
Diving depth operational, m 40

Ship project history: Provided under the 1906 programme. Double-hull submersibles designed by Laubeuf - they were a diesel-powered version of Pluviôse class. MAN type diesels produced by A C Loire, Sautter-Harlé, Normand, Indret and Sabathé.

It was planned in 1917 to convert six boats of the Brumaire class into minelaying submarines but the project was abandoned.

Modernizations: 1916, Arago, Faraday, Le Verrier and others: + 1 x 1 - 47/50 M1902 or 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1897

7/1919, Curie (after service in Austria-Hungarian Navy):

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

425 / 554

Length, m

52.1

Breadth, m

5.14

Draught, m

3.10

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Grazer diesels / electric motors

Power, h. p.

900 / 560

Max speed, kts

13.5 / 7

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 2300(10) / 150(2)

Armament

1 x 1 - 88/27 Ubts L/30, 7 - 450 TT (1 bow, 2 Drzewiecki drop-collars, 2 ext abeam CT, 2 ext aft, 8)

Complement 29
Diving depth operational, m 40

Naval service: Bernouilli was lost on Austrian mine 13/2/1918. Foucault was sunk by Austro-Hungarian aircraft off Cattaro 15/9/1915. Joule was mined in the Dardanelless 1/5/1915 on Turkish mine. Curie 20/12/1914 at attempt to get into harbour of Pola entangled in anti-submarine nets and was scuttled by crew. Later Austrians salvaged her and commissioned as U14; after war submarine was returned to France and received former name.  

Curie after war

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14