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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

LE FANTASQUE destroyers (1935-1936)

Le Triomphant 1941

Le Triomphant 1941

L`Indomptable 1941

L`Indomptable 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Le Malin X02, 1950- D612 F C de la Méditerranée, La Seyne 11/1931 17/8/1933 5/1936 FNFL 2/1943, hulk 1956
Le Terrible X01, 1950- D611 CNF, Caen 12/1931 30/11/1933 4/1935 FNFL 1/1943, school ship 1957
L`Indomptable   F C de la Méditerranée, La Seyne 1/1932 7/12/1933 2/1936 scuttled 27/11/1942
L`Audacieux   Arsenal de Lorient 11/1931 15/3/1934 11/1935 sunk 7/5/1943
Le Fantasque X03, 1950- D610 Arsenal de Lorient 11/1931 15/3/1934 3/1936 FNFL 1/1943, stricken 5/1957
Le Triomphant X04, 1950- D613 A C de France, Dunkerque 8/1931 16/4/1934 5/1936 captured by British 3/7/1940, FNFL 8/1940, stricken 12/1954

   

Displacement standard, t

2569

Displacement full, t

3380

Length, m

125.4 pp 132.4 oa

Breadth, m

12.5

Draught, m

5.01

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Le Malin, L`Indomptable, Le Triomphant: Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Penhoët boilers

Le Terrible: Rateau-Bretagne geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow Loire boilers

L`Audacieux, Le Fantasque: Rateau-Bretagne geared steam turbines, 4 Penhoët boilers

Power, h. p.

74000

Max speed, kts

37

Fuel, t

oil 580

Endurance, nm(kts) 3000(14)

Armament

5 x 1 - 139/50 M1929, 2 x 2 - 37/50 M1933, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 3 x 3 - 550 TT, 2 DCR (16), 50 mines

Complement 210

Ship project history: Built under the 1930 program. Last "full" (6 ships) series of French super-destroyers. They became top of development of French super-destroyers. In this project it has been reached optimum (from the point of view of designers) combination of speed qualities and fire power at comprehensible displacement. Though the endurance remained "Mediterranean" and insufficient for operations at ocean.

They notably differed from predecessors outwardly: with typical "cruiser-destroyer" outline profile with two funnels. Introduction of new main guns (M1929) became the basic difference from the previous series, for the first time destroyers received centralised fire control system for main guns with computer. Side salvo weighed about 200kg, twice more than at British destroyers. Placing of three main guns on stern and engine and boiler rooms moved astern led to 2m trim astern on full speed. On trials all made over 40kts speed. Le Fantasque was slowest (42.71kt), and the record of speed not broken till now for large surface ships belongs to Le Terrible (45.03kts). "Champion" differed from colleagues a little by propeller struts. Probably, that it has influenced speed characteristics. Speed qualities were kept till the end of service: in the end of war fairly overloaded ships easily made 37kts.

Modernizations: autumn 1940, Le Triomphant: - 1 x 1 - 139/50 (No 4); + 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 2 x 1 - 40/39 QF Mk VIII, 1 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 2 - 12.7/62, 2 x 1 - 12.7/62, sonar

1941, L`Indomptable: + 3 x 2 - 37/50 M1933

1942, Le Triomphant: + 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

(2/1943 - 4/1944), Le Fantasque, Le Terrible: - 2 x  2 - 37/50, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 3 - 550 TT; + 1 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, radar, fuel stowage was 730t.

(2/1943 - 4/1944), Le Malin: - 2 x 2 - 37/50, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 3 - 550 TT; + 1 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, radar, fuel stowage was 730t

(4/1944 - 3/1945), Le Triomphant: - 1 x 1 - 102/45, 2 x 1 - 40/39, 2 x 2 - 37/50, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 2 - 12.7/62, 2 x 1 - 12.7/62, 1 x 3 - 550 TT; + 1 x 1 - 139/50 M1929, 3 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, radar, fuel stowage was 730t

Naval service: In January, 1943 Le Fantasque and Le Terrible passed to the USA. A little bit later also Le Malin and Le Triomphant joined them. After repair ships were classified as light cruisers.

L`Audacieux 23/9/1940 was damaged by gunfire of Australian heavy cruiser Australia, strong fire begun and ship ran aground. Later she was towed for repair to Bizerte and sunk by Allied bombers during Tunisia campaign 7/5/1943. Le Malin was hard damaged at Casablanca at Allied landing. 25/12/1944 as result of collision at Naples Le Malin has lost her fore hull part till main gun No1 (repair was completed already after war), and boiler room was flooded on Le Terrible. Le Triomphant 3/7/1940 was captured by British and already 28/8/1940 transferred to FNFL. L`Indomptable was scuttled at Toulon 27/11/1942. Germans salvaged her and formally enlisted as fast escort SG9. She was never commissioned and 7/3/1944 again sunk by Allied aircraft. Parts of her hull were used on repair of Le Malin.

Le Terrible became a school ship in 1957 and broken up in 1962.

Le Terrible 1939

Le Fantasque 1945

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14