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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CRUISERS

AMIRAL CHARNER armoured cruisers (1894 - 1896)

Amiral Charner 1914

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Amiral Charner   Arsenal de Rochefort 7/1889 18/3/1893 1894 sunk 8/2/1916
Bruix   Arsenal de Rochefort 10/1890 3/8/1894 5/1896 stricken 6/1920
Chanzy   F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux 1890 24/1/1894 12/1894 wrecked 30/5/1907
Latouche-Tréville   Arsenal de Brest 1890 8/10/1892 5/1895 disarmed 5/1919, stricken 9/1920

 

Displacement normal, t

4681 - 4736

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

106.0 pp 110.0 oa

Breadth, m

14.0

Draught, m

6.00 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Amiral Charner, Chanzy, Latouche-Tréville: HTE, 16 Belleville boilers

Bruix: VTE, 16 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

Amiral Charner, Chanzy, Latouche-Tréville: 8000

Bruix: 8700

Max speed, kts

18.2 - 19

Fuel, t

coal 600

Endurance, nm(kts)

4000(10)

Armour, mm

steel; belt: 90, deck: 40 with 45mm slopes, main turrets: 110, CT: 110

Armament

2 x 1 - 194/45 M1887, 6 x 1 - 139/45 M1887, 4 x 1 - 65/50 M1891, 4 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 6 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 - 450 TT (beam, aw)

Complement

393

Ship project history: A class of small armoured cruisers with a  The 194mm turrets were fore and aft on the upper deck and the 139mm in single turrets on the beam at main deck level, the sides being recessed above. There was a plough bow, and two heavy military masts and two funnels were shipped.

Ship protection: Complete belt consisted of 3 x 30mm plates on 2 x 10mm skin plating. The belt extended from 1.2m below water to about 2.6m above and there was a curved armour deck rising to 0.4m above water. This was 45mm on the slopes and 40mm on the flat, with a light splinter deck over the machinery spaces. There was a cofferdam to 1.2m above water, and the turrets had 110mm tubes where above the side armour.

Modernizations: 1910s, all: military masts were later replaced by poles; - 6 x 5 - 37/20

Naval service: Chanzy grounded in fog 20/5/1907 in Chinese waters off Chusan Islands, S of Shanghai. Attempts to refloat her failed and she was lost 30/5/1907. The others gave useful service in the First World War. Amiral Charner was torpedoed off Beirut by German submarine U21 8/2/1916 and sank in 4 minutes.

Bruix 1914

Ivan Gogin, 2014