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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CRUISERS

ALGÉRIE heavy cruiser (1934)

Algérie 1939

Algérie 1942

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Algérie   Arsenal de Brest 19/3/1931 21/5/1932 15/9/1934 scuttled 27/11/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

10109

Displacement full, t

13461

Length, m

180.0 pp 186.2 oa

Breadth, m

20.0

Draught, m

6.15 full load

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Rateau-Bretagne geared steam turbines, 6 Indret boilers

Power, h. p.

84000

Max speed, kts

31

Fuel, t

oil 3186

Endurance, nm(kts) 8700(15)

Armour, mm

belt: 110, torpedo bulkhead: 40, bulkheads: 70, deck: 80 - 30, turrets: 100 - 70, CT: 100

Armament

4 x 2 - 203/55 M1931, 6 x 2 - 100/45 M1930, 4 x 1 - 37/50 M1925, 4 x 4 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 550 TT, 1 catapult, 3 seaplanes (FBA.17, CAMS.37, GL.810, GL.812, GL.813, GL.832, PL.15)

Complement

616

Ship project history: Last and strongest French heavy cruiser, built under the 1930 program, often was considered as best heavy cruiser in Europe.

Designed as opponent for Italian cruisers of Zara class. Differed from predecessors by jump in protection: armour weight was increased more than on 1000t. Despite decrease in power of machinery in comparison with Suffren class, thanks to successful hull lines speed was not decreased. The special consideration in the project was given to horizontal and underwater protection: longitudinal bulkheads were connected with an armour deck and stretched between barbettes of end turrets. Depth of underwater protection reached 5.1m. Practically for the first time in world practice heavy cruiser received adequate protection for armament and ammunition. The weight of protection reached 2657t. Stressing differences from earlier "tins", she sometimes called as an armoured cruiser (croiser protege).

Algérie has made serious impact on later project of the German cruisers of Admiral Hipper class. At the same time she exceeded German ship on fire power, keeping immunity on distances between 18000 and 26000m.

From contemporaries cruiser differed by flush-deck hull with raised ship ends, that is uncharacteristic for French shipbuilding.

Algérie became first large French ship with fire control system mounted on a tower mast, she was the first received twin 100mm AA mounts.  Only one catapult took place on a port side. Besides, starboard TT was installed on 2 m more close aftward, than port.

Ship protection: 110mm main belt had 4.46-3.76m height abreast machinery and fwd magazines, its height decreased to 2.45m abreast aft magazines. This belt was closed by 70mm bulkheads, 70mm bulkhead separated machinery spaces and aft magazines. Thickness of side plating above the belt was 22mm. 40mm torpedo bulkhead extended between end barbettes, torpedo protection consisted of 3 compartments and was 5.1m deep. Main deck was 80mm between torpedo bulkheads and 30mm between these bulkheads and side plating (its thickness over fwd magazines was 80mm from side to side). Upper deck was 22mm. Turrets had 100mm faces, 70mm sides and crowns and 85-50mm rears.

Modernizations: 1/1940: - 4 x 1 - 37/50; + 4 x 2 - 37/50 M1933

summer 1941: + 4 x 1 - 13.2/94

April 1942: + Sadire radar

8/1942: - catapult with seaplanes; + new radar

Naval service: Algérie was destroyed by crew at Toulon 27/11/1942. The fire proceeded till November, 29th. 18/3/1943 she was salvaged by Italians and broken up.

Algérie 1935

Algérie 1942

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14