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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CAPITAL SHIPS

TERRIBLE barbette ships (1887 - 1888)

Requin 1888

Requin 1916

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Caïman   Arsenal de Toulon 12/1878 21/5/1885 1888 hulk 1913
Indomptable   Arsenal de Lorient 6/1878 18/9/1883 2/1887 hulk 1913
Requin   Ch de la Gironde, Bordeaux 12/1878 12/6/1885 12/1888 stricken 2/1920
Terrible   Arsenal de Brest 12/1877 1881 1/1887 stricken 1911

 

Displacement normal, t

7530

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

82.8 pp 85.3 oa

Breadth, m

18.0

Draught, m

7.98 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Caïman, Indomptable, Terrible: VC, 12 cylindrical boilers

Requin: VC, 10 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

6500

Max speed, kts

Caïman, Indomptable, Terrible: 14.5

Requin: 15

Fuel, t

coal 500

Endurance, nm(kts)

2000(10)

Armour, mm

Terrible: steel; belt: 500 - 200, barbettes: 450, tubes: 200, shields: 30, deck: 105, CT: 30

Caïman, Indomptable, Requin: compound; belt: 500 - 200, barbettes: 450, tubes: 200, shields: 30 (steel), deck: 105, CT: 30 (steel)

Armament

Terrible: 2 x 1 - 420/19 M1875, 4 x 1 - 100/26 M1881, 4 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 16 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 - 350 TT (beam)

Caïman, Indomptable, Requin: 2 x 1 - 420/22 M1875, 4 x 1 - 100/26 M1881, 2 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 16 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 - 350 TT (beam)

Complement

373

Ship project history: This class bore little resemblance to the Admiral Duperré, their ancestor being the coast defence battleship Tonnant, and were of moderately low freeboard. There were 10 or 11 transverse watertight bulkheads. The 420mm guns were slow-firing and far less powerful than the British 413mm. The guns in Terrible had to be cut back because of proving ground failures near the muzzle.

Ship protection: The complete belt was almost entirely submerged at normal load and was 500mm amidships with a 400mm lower edge reduced to 300-250mm forward and 300-200mm aft. The barbette bases were unarmoured except for the tube which was taken to the armour deck. This was at the belt upper edge and of 80mm max iron or steel over 25mm steel.

Modernizations: 1898, Terrible: - 2 x 1 - 420/19; + 2 x 1 - 340/35 M1893

1901, Caïman, Indomptable: - 2 x 1 - 42/22, 4 x 1 - 100/26, 16 x 5 - 37/20, 2 - 350 TT; + 2 x 1 - 274/40 M1893-96, 6 x 1 - 100/45 M1891, 12 x 1 - 47/40 M1885

1901, Requin: machinery was replaced by 2 VTE and 12 Niclausse boilers (11200hp, 15kts), original four funnels in close pairs abreast were replaced by two funnels on centreline; - 2 x 1 - 420/22, 4 x 1 - 100/26, 16 x 5 - 37/20, 4 - 350 TT; + 2 x 1 - 274/40 M1893-96, 6 x 1 - 100/45 M1891, 12 x 1 - 47/40 M1885

Naval service: No significant events.

Terrible

Requin 1891

Requin 1910s

Ivan Gogin, 2014