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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CAPITAL SHIPS

AMIRAL BAUDIN barbette ships (1888 - 1889)

Amiral Baudin 1888

Formidable 1902

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Amiral Baudin   Arsenal de Brest 10/1879 5/6/1883 12/1888 hulk 1909
Formidable   Arsenal de Lorient 9/1879 16/4/1885 2/1889 stricken 1911

 

Displacement normal, t

11720

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

101.0 wl

Breadth, m

21.3

Draught, m

8.46 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VC, 12 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

Amiral Baudin: 8400

Formidable: 9700

Max speed, kts

Amiral Baudin: 15

Formidable: 16

Fuel, t

coal 790

Endurance, nm(kts)

Amiral Baudin: 3000(10)

Formidable: 3200(10)

Armour, mm

steel and compound; belt: 550 - 350, barbettes: 400, tubes: 400, shields: 30, deck: 100 - 75, CT: 120 - 80

Armament

Amiral Baudin: 3 x 1 - 370/28 M1875-79, 4 x 1 - 165/30 M1884, 8 x 1 - 139/28 M1881, 4 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 1 x 5 - 47/20 M1885, 14 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 6 - 380 TT (1 bow, 4 beam, 1 stern, aw)

Formidable: 3 x 1 - 370/28 M1875-79, 4 x 1 - 165/30 M1884, 10 x 1 - 139/28 M1881, 1 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 12 x 5 - 47/20 M1885, 18 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 6 - 380 TT ( 1 bow, 4 beam, 1 stern, aw)

Complement

Amiral Baudin: 625

Formidable: 650

Ship project history: With this class there was a return to the high-freeboard barbette ship with pronounced ram bow and considerable tumblehome.The 370mm guns had about the same performance as the early British 343mm weapons. They were 71.4t Creusot in Baudin and 75.1t St Chamond in Formidable and were in 3 single barbettes on the centreline, forward, midships and aft. The 165mm were in fore and aft main deck sponsons and the 139mm on the main deck. Both ships had military foremasts but differed in Formidable having a larger funnel. Their chief fault was the large area of unprotected side from just above the waterline.

Ship protection: The steel belt was complete and 2.2m wide but only about 0.3m above water; amidships it was 550mm tapering to 500mm at the upper edge and 400mm at the lower, while forward it was 390-350mm and aft 350mm. The shallow barbettes were compound with steel ammunition tubes. The armour deck was at the belt upper edge slightly crowned on the centreline and was 100-75mm steel. 

Modernizations: 1898, Amiral Baudin: - 1 x 1 - 370/28 (midships), 8 x 1 - 139/28, 12 x 5 - 47/40, 12 x 5 - 37/20, 2 - 380 TT (beam); + 4 x 1 - 165/30 M1884, 8 x 1 - 139/45 M1887, 2 x 1 - 65/50 M1891, 16 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 6 x 1 - 37/20 M1885

1898, Formidable: - 1 x 1 - 370/28 (midships), 2 - 380 TT (beam); + 4 x 1 - 165/30 M1884

Naval service: No significant events.

Amiral Baudin 1893

Ivan Gogin, 2014