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fighting ships of the world

PEOPLE`S LIBERATION ARMY NAVY (PEOPLE`S REPUBLIC OF CHINA)

SUBMARINES

CHANGCHENG 233 submarines (project 035, 1974)

CHANGCHENG 342 submarine (project 035A (ES5D), 1982)

CHANGCHENG 352 submarines (project 035A, 1988-1990)

CHANGCHENG 356 submarines (project 035G, 1990-1999)

CHANGCHENG 309 submarines (project 035B, 2000-2003)

Changcheng 363 2000

Changcheng 309 2000

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Type 035 (ES5C)
长城 232 <Changcheng 232> (ex-Changcheng 162) 232 Jiangnan SY, Shanghai 10/1969   4/10/1974 stricken 2006
长城 233 <Changcheng 233> (ex-Changcheng 163) 233 Wuhan SY 1970   11/1974 fire 26/5/2005, stricken
Type 035A (ES5D)
长城 342 <Changcheng 342> 342 Wuhan SY 1979 1980 24/12/1982 stricken 2010-12
Type 035A
长城 352 <Changcheng 352> 352 Wuhan SY 1985   1988 stricken 2013?
长城 353 <Changcheng 353> 353 Wuhan SY 1986   1989 stricken 2013?
长城 354 <Changcheng 354> 354 Wuhan SY 1987   1990 stricken 2014?
Type 035G (ES5E)            
长城 356 <Changcheng 356> 356 Wuhan SY 1985 1989 12/1990 to Bangladesh 11/2016 (Nabojatra)
长城 357 <Changcheng 357> 357 Wuhan SY     1992 to Bangladesh 11/2016 (Joyjatra)
长城 358 <Changcheng 358> 358 Wuhan SY     1993 in service (2016)
长城 359 <Changcheng 359> 359 Wuhan SY     1994 in service (2016)
长城 360 <Changcheng 360> 360 Wuhan SY     1995 in service (2016)
长城 361 <Changcheng 361> 361 Wuhan SY     1995 foundered 16/4/2003, salvaged but never commissioned again
长城 362 <Changcheng 362> 362 Wuhan SY     1996 in service (2016)
长城 363 <Changcheng 363> 363 Wuhan SY   5/1996 1996 in service (2016)
长城 305 <Changcheng 305> 305 Wuhan SY   6/1997 1998 in service (2016)
长城 306 <Changcheng 306> 306 Wuhan SY   9/1997 1998 in service (2016)
长城 307 <Changcheng 307> 307 Wuhan SY   5/1998 1999 in service (2016)
长城 308 <Changcheng 308> 308 Wuhan SY   10/1998 1999 in service (2016)
Type 035B (ES5F)
长城 309 <Changcheng 309> 309 Wuhan SY   6/2000 2000 in service (2016)
长城 310 <Changcheng 310> 310 Wuhan SY   9/2000 2001 in service (2016)
长城 311 <Changcheng 311> 311 Wuhan SY   5/2001 2002 in service (2016)
长城 312 <Changcheng 312> 312 Wuhan SY   4/2002 2003 in service (2016)
 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

1584 / 2113

Length, m

76.0

308: 78.0

Breadth, m

7.60

Draught, m

5.10

No of shafts

2

Machinery

ES5C: 2 Shaanxi 6E390ZC diesels / 2 Xiangtan electric motors

others: 2 Shaanxi 6E390ZC-1 diesels / 2 Xiangtan electric motors

308: 2 Shaanxi 6E390ZC-1 diesels / 2 Xiangtan electric motors / AIP, 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

ES5C: 4800 / 2700

others: 5200 / 7000

308: 5200 / 7000 / 150

Max speed, kts

ES5C: 15.2 / 12

others: 15 / 18

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts)

8000(9) / 330(4)

Armament

8 - 533 TT (6 bow, 2 stern, 16 or 28 mines)

Sensors

type 035, 035A: type 353A radar, SQZ sonar suite (SQC-1, SQW-2 sonars), type 925 ECM suite

type 035G, 035B: type 353A radar, SQZ-D sonar suite (SQC-1, SQW-2, SQG-2B sonars), type 925 ECM suite, ZLT-4A CCS

Complement

57

Diving depth operational, m

300

Ship project history: 18 boats were built by Wuhan SY, 4 by Jiangnan SY. This is a Chinese-built derivative of the Soviet Project 633 with slightly more engine and motor power and a redesigned outer hull. Boats of Type 035 (ES5C) were differed from Type 033 by new machinery. Some sources say about single-screw and triple-screw schemes, but plans of usual twin-screw construction with more powerful diesels and motors are more real. In fact first two submarines were built with machinery power equal to Type 033 but with new hull form and electronics. Type 035A received new machinery (modernised diesels and much more powerful electric motors). Mass-production version Type 035G differs from previous versions by ability to launch wire-guided Yu-3 torpedoes, new SQZ-D sonar suite including French-designed DUUX-5 sonar (Chinese name is SQG-2B) and combat control system. Last series unit, Changzheng 308, was lengthened by 2 meters to add section with AIP. Last Type 035B submarines received new fin, similar to later Type 039, new electronics, ability to launch Yu-4 torpedoes and, in future, cruise missiles from TTs.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Changcheng 361 was foundered 16/4/2003 with 70 men on board, all hands lost. She was later salvaged and towed off to base, but her status is now unknown. Deletion of this boat from in-service list is more real. Changcheng 233 suffered fire on board 26/5/2006 in the South China Sea, towed back to port and stricken.

2002

2006

Ivan Gogin, 2016