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fighting ships of the world

PEOPLE`S LIBERATION ARMY NAVY (PEOPLE`S REPUBLIC OF CHINA)

ESCORTS

HAIKOU frigates (project 65, 1966-1969)

Haikou 1980

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
海口 <Haikou> 209, 1980- 529 Jiangnan, Shanghai 1/8/1964 25/12/1965 1/8/1966 stricken 1993
东川 <Dongchuan> 214, 1980- 504 Huangpu, Shanghai 1/8/1965 25/6/1966 2/12/1966 in reserve (2016)
下关 <Xiaguan> 231, 1980- 501 Huangpu, Shanghai 1/11/1965 3/12/1966 12/6/1967 in reserve (2016)
南充 <Nanchong> 232, 1980- 502 Huangpu, Shanghai 5/1966 1968 6/1969 preserved 3/1995
开源 <Kaiyuan> 233, 1980- 503 Huangpu, Shanghai 5/1966 1968 6/1969 in reserve (2016)

 

Displacement standard, t

1350

Displacement normal, t

1600

Length, m

90.9

Breadth, m

10.2

Draught, m

2.90

No of shafts

2

Machinery

TV-9 geared steam turbines, 2 KVG-57/28 boilers

Power, h. p.

20000

Max speed, kts

29

Fuel, t

oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 1000(14.5)

Armament

3 x 1 - 100/56 B-34USMA, 4 x 2 - 37/70 V-11M, 2 x 2 - 14.5/93, 2 x 5 RBU-1200 ASWRL, 4 DCT, 2 DCR, mines

Sensors Giuys-1M4, Lin', Don, Yakor' radars, Pegas-2M sonar, Bizan'-4 ECM suite

Complement

168

Ship project history: The first major warships, to be designed and built in China since 1945, even though they were an adaptation of the Soviet Project 50. They use the same machinery and basic hull form, but the forecastle has been raised and extends three-quarters the length of the ship. This gives more room for living space and equipment. The armament has been rearranged, with one 100mm gun forward and two aft. They are efficient ships, but their sensors are obsolescent and their AA surface and ASW armament are all weak. Unlike the Project 50, they were not built with TT so it would be more difficult to find room for SSMs to improve the surface armament. However, their armament is so weak compared with probable opponents that it is surprising that something has not been tried, particularly as one of the class engaged S Vietnamese warships in 1974. It may be that there is inadequate stability due to the enlarged forecastle to make such an alteration to the armament.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: No significant events.

Kaiyuan 1986

Ivan Gogin, 2015-16