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fighting ships of the world

CHINESE NAVY (CHINA)

CRUISERS

WEI YUEN composite sloops (1877-1885)

Chao Wu 1877

Heng Hai 1890

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
威遠 <Wei Yuen>   Foochow Arsenal 2/9/1876 15/5/1877 14/9/1877 TS 7/1885, sunk 5/2/1895, repaired, discarded 1906
超武 <Chao Wu>   Foochow Arsenal 1877 19/6/1878 1879 discarded 1909
康濟 <Kang Chi>   Foochow Arsenal 12/7/1878 21/7/1879 9/1/1880 captured by Japan 17/2/1895, returned 1895, TS, discarded 1907
澄慶 <Teng Ch'ing>   Foochow Arsenal 1879 10/1880 1881 sunk 15/2/1885
靖清 <Ching Ch'ing>   Foochow Arsenal 1883 1884 7/1885 transport vessel 1902
寰泰 <Heng Hai>   Foochow Arsenal 1884 1885 7/1885 transport vessel 1901

 

Displacement normal, t

1258

Ching Ch'ing, Heng Hai: 1477

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

64.0 pp 66.2 oa

Ching Ch'ing, Heng Hai: 66.1 pp 68.3 oa

Breadth, m

8.99

Draught, m

3.81

No of shafts

1

Machinery

HC, 4 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

750

Ching Ch'ing, Heng Hai: 1200

Max speed, kts

11

Ching Ch'ing, Heng Hai: 15

Fuel, t

coal

Endurance, nm(kts)

 

Armour, mm

iron: shield: 32 - 13

Armament

1 x 1 - 160/14 Armstrong MLR, 6 x 1 - 121/22 Armstrong 40pdr 1.32-ton BLR

Ching Ch'ing, Heng Hai: 1 x 1 - 178/16 Armstrong MLR, 6 x 1 - 121/22 Armstrong 40pdr 1.32-ton BLR

Complement

180

Ship project history: Composite-hulled, fully-rigged sloops, Wei Yuen and Kang Chi being built for the Peiyang fleet and others for the Nanyang fleet.

Ship protection: Main gun had a shield.

Modernizations: 1880s, Chao Wu: - 1 x 1 - 160/14; + 2 x 1 - 152/26 Armstrong BLR, 1 x 1 - 121/22 Armstrong 40pdr 1.32-ton BLR

1890s, Ching Ch'ing, Heng Hai: - 1 x 1 - 178/16; + 2 x 1 - 149/32 RK L/35 C/80, 1 x 1 - 120/32 RK L/35 C/80

Naval service: Wei Yuen was disarmed in July 1885 and became TS for midshipmen; she was torpedoed and sunk by the Japanese TB23 at Wei-Hai-Wei 5/2/1895. Later she was salvaged, repaired and served till 1906. Kang Chi was captured by Japanese at Wei-Hai-Wei 17/2/1895 but she was disarmed by them and returned to Chinese for repatriation service. Later she was disarmed and fitted with two TT for her new role as a torpedo TS. Teng Ch'ing was sunk by spar TBs from the French cruiser Bayard off Shei-Poo on the night of 14-15/2/1885.

Wei Yuen 1877

Ivan Gogin, 2014