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fighting ships of the world

CHINESE / PEOPLE`S LIBERATION ARMY NAVY (CHINA / PEOPLE`S REPUBLIC OF CHINA)

CRUISERS

HAI CHI protected cruisers (1899)

Hai Chi 1905

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
海圻 <Hai Chi>   Armstrong, Elswick, UK 11/11/1896 24/1/1898 10/5/1899 scuttled 11/8/1937
<Hai Tien>   Armstrong, Elswick, UK 16/2/1897 25/11/1897 1899 foundered 25/4/1904

 

Displacement normal, t

4300

Displacement full, t

4515

Length, m

120.7 pp 129.2 oa

Breadth, m

14.2

Draught, m

5.45

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 VTE, 12 cylindrical boilers (really 4 single-ended and 4 double-ended)

Power, h. p.

17000

Max speed, kts

24

Fuel, t

coal 1000
Endurance, nm(kts) 8000(10)
Armour, mm Harvey steel; deck: 37 with 127-76mm slopes, gunhouses: 114, hoists: 102, shields: 51, CT: 152

Armament

2 x 1 - 203/45 Armstrong T, 10 x 1 - 120/45 Armstrong Y, 16 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 5 - 450 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Complement

350

Ship project history: In the end of 1895, after defeat in the Japanese-Chinese war, China started Navy revival. In July, 1896 in the Great Britain two 1st class protected cruisers for Northern fleet were ordered. Armstrong has offered as the sample Argentinean cruiser Buenos Aires, projected by P. Watts. Chinese Hai Chi and Hai Tien differed from a prototype by uniform calibre of guns (10 120mm instead of 4 152mm and 6 120mm) and insignificant details of appearance.
    Flushdecked, high-free-board hull with appreciable deck sheer (free board height was 6.2m in a bow, 4.2m amidships and 4.6m at stern).  Rated power was 12500hp at natural and 17000hp at forced draught. On trials Hai Tien made 22.64kts at natural and 24.215kts at forced draught.

Ship protection: Protection was ensured by Harvey-steel armour deck with 37mm thickness in a flat part and 76-127mm slopes. 203mm guns placed in houses with 114mm protection and 102mm protection of ammunition hoists. 120mm guns had 51mm shields.

Modernizations: 1920s, Hai Chi: - 4 x 1 - 47/40; + 4 x 1 - 37/27 Maxim

Naval service: Hai Tien was lost as a result of wreck at Shanghai 25/4/1904. Hai Chi in late 1930s was laid up. She was scuttled 11/8/1937 on Yangtze at Jiangyin for fairway barrage.

Hai Chi 1932

Ivan Gogin, 2011-14