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fighting ships of the world

BRAZILIAN NAVY (BRAZIL)

CAPITAL SHIPS

MINAS GERAIS battleships (1910)

São Paolo 1917

São Paolo 1942

Minas Gerais 1942

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Minas Gerais   Armstrong, Newcastle, UK 17/4/1907 10/9/1908 5/1/1910 stricken 9/1953
São Paolo   Vickers, Barrow, UK 30/4/1907 19/4/1909 12/7/1910 stricken 8/1947

  

Displacement normal, t

19281

Displacement full, t

21200

Length, m

152.4 pp 161.5 wl 165.5 oa

Breadth, m

25.3

Draught, m

7.60 mean 8.50 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Vickers VTE, 18 Babcock boilers

Power, h. p.

23500

Max speed, kts

21

Fuel, t

coal 2350 + oil 400

Endurance, nm(kts)

10000(10)

Armour, mm

belt: 229, ends: 152 - 102, casemate: 229, deck: 51 - 38, turrets: 229 - 203, CT: 305

Armament

6 x 2 - 305/45 Armstrong L, 22 x 1 - 120/50 Armstrong CC, 18 x 1 - 47/50 3pdr Vickers

Complement

900

Ship project history: In 1890-1902 navies of being on the verge of war Argentina and Chile have replenished with considerable number of modern ships, that removed navy of the largest Latin American power, Brazil, on unusual to it third place. For correction of this situation, in October, 1904 the program of naval renewal has been approved, providing building of 28 ships of various types. Its fulfilment returned to Brazilian Navy first place among the Latin American countries. Three battleships (were been planned to be named Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and São Paolo), which building contract has been concluded 23/7/1906, should become a core of revived fleet. Their project was grounded on significantly redesigned drawings of British Triumph, but with 12 254mm guns six turrets.
    After occurrence of British battleship Dreadnought the customer has wished to alter the project under new standard: 305mm guns and 21kts speed. Old contract was broken and 20/2/1907 it was signed a new on building of two ships: Minas Gerais and São Paolo (Rio de Janeiro was put aside for later term).
    Though Brazilian battleships have inherited a number of features of initial project (triple expansion steam engines, 12 main guns and rather low-board flushdecked hull without a forecastle), designers of Armstrong were not afraid to place majority of main gun turrets under superfiring  scheme, Royal Navy started to do first steps in this direction some years later.
    . Main engines were placed in engine rooms, divided by longitudinal watertight bulkhead. Boilers took places in three rooms (4 in the first and on 7 in second and the third). Smoke ducts from No1 and 2 rooms were deduced to fore funnel, and from No3 to aft funnel. On trials both ships exceeded contract engine power (São Paolo made 27500hp, Minas Gerais 27212hp), reaching 21.5kt.
Modernization of São Paolo has not taken place in view of her bad technical condition.

Ship protection: Main 229mm belt made from Krupp`s cemented armour steel, had 4.7m height and was stretched between barbettes of superfiring turrets. On 27.4m fwd and on 18.3m aft from it 152mm belt was installed, further to ship`s ends there was 76mm belt. Not reaching a stern frame, it was closed by 102mm bulkhead. In fore part, in place of joint of 152 and 76mm belts, there was 76mm bulkhead. Above main belt there was upper belt of the same thickness reached an upper deck. Abreast barbettes of superfiring turrets it left deep into hull and adjoined barbettes of end turrets. The citadel, formed by upper belt, was covered by an armour deck consisted from two 19mm layers. Out of a citadel over the main belt there was a flat 51mm armoured deck. Underwater protection was limited to a double bottom

Modernizations: (8/1918-1/1921, New York N Yd), São Paolo; (8/1920-10/1921, New York N Yd), Minas Gerais: new fire control system was installed, 305mm bulkheads were installed in the turrets between guns; - 10 x 1 - 120/50, 18 x 1 - 47/50; + 2 x 1 - 76/52 Mk 10, 8 x 1 - 37/27 Maxim

1933, São Paolo: maximal elevation angle of "X" turret was increased from 13 to 20; - 8 x 1 - 37/27; + 4 x 2 - 20/60 Madsen

(1931-1938, Rio de Janeiro D Yd), Minas Gerais: boilers were replaced by 6 Thornycroft oil-firing ones, two funnels were replaced by one, machinery power was increased (30000hp, 22kts, 2200t of oil, 5350(10)nm). Maximal elevation angle of all turrets was increased to 18. + 2 x 1 - 120/50 EOC CC, 4 x 1 - 102/45 EOC N, 4 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

1940, Minas Gerais: - 4 x 1 - 40/39; + 6 x 2 - 20/60 Madsen

Naval service: In days of WWII both ships were used as floating batteries in ports of Recife (São Paolo) and El Salvador (Minas Gerais). São Paolo foundered under tow for breaking up 5/11/1951, Minas Gerais was BU in 1954.

São Paolo 1925

Minas Gerais 1942

Ivan Gogin, 2011-15