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Naval aviation and armaments

 

USA - Naval aviation and armament

USA - Naval aviation

Douglas / McDonnel Douglas A4D (A-4) Skyhawk attacker

 

A4D-5 (A-4E) Skyhawk

 

Modification Purpose Deliveries Number of commissioned Discarding Differences from the previous modification
A4D-1, 1962 - A-4A attacker 9/1956 - 1956 165 3/1994 1 seat, Wright J65-W-4 engine (3540 kgf), 2 20-mm guns, 2269 kg of combat load (1 1361-kg point on hull with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bomb or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo; 2 454-kg wing points with 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette)
A4D-2, 1962 - A-4B 9/1956 - 1961 542 J65-W-16A engine (3493 kgf), on-flight refueling equipment
A4D-2N, 1962 - A-4C 9/1961 - 12/1962 638 2 20-mm guns, 2439 kg of combat load (1 1531-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM; 2 454-kg wing points with 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM), APG-53A radar
A4D-5, 1962 - A-4E 7/1961 - 1966 500 hull lengthened, Pratt & Whitney J52-P-6 engine (3855 kgf), 2 20-mm guns, 4536 kg of combat load (1 1588-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM or 1 GAU-13/A quadruple 30-mm gun; 2 1020-kg wing points with 2 907-kg bomb or 4 454-kg bombs or 8 227-kg bombs or 12 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Mk 11 mod.5 twin 20-mm guns; 2 454-kg wing points with: 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM), without radar
A-4F 8/1966 - 1970 146 J52-P-8A engine (4210 kgf), later 100 planes re-engined with J52-P-408 (5078 kgf)
A-4L 8/1969 - 1970 100 modified from A-4C J52-P-8A engine (4210 kgf), APG-53A radar
A-4M 4/1970 - 2/1979 158 J52-P-408 engine (5078 kgf), 2 20-mm guns, 4536 kg of combat load (1 1588-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM or 1 GAU-13/A quadruple 30-mm gun; 2 1020-kg wing points with 2 907-kg bomb or 4 454-kg bombs or 8 227-kg bombs or 12 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Mk 11 mod.5 twin 20-mm guns 2 Walleye guided bomb or 2 Paveway II guided bomb or 2 Sidewinder AAM; 2 454-kg wing points with: 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM or 2 Maverick ASM or 2 Sidewinder AAM), without radar
OA-4M observer 1991 23 modified from TA-4F --- 2 seats, unarmed
TA-4F training attacker 1966 - 1968 241 3/1994 2 20-mm guns, 4536 kg of combat load (1 1588-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM or 1 GAU-13/A quadruple 30-mm gun; 2 1020-kg wing points with 2 907-kg bomb or 4 454-kg bombs or 8 227-kg bombs or 12 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Mk 11 mod.5 twin 20-mm guns; 2 454-kg wing points with: 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM)
TA-4J 1968 - 1970 277 --- hull lengthened, 1 20-mm gun, 4536 kg of combat load (1 1588-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM or 1 GAU-13/A quadruple 30-mm gun; 2 1020-kg wing points with 2 907-kg bomb or 4 454-kg bombs or 8 227-kg bombs or 12 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Mk 11 mod.5 twin 20-mm guns; 2 454-kg wing points with: 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM)

 

Modification A4D-1 (A-4A) A4D-2 (A-4B) A4D-2N (A-4C) A4D-5 (A-4E) A-4M

Wing span, m

8.38 8.38 8.38 8.38 8.38

Length, m

11.70 12.00 12.22 12.59 12.59

Height, m

4.57 4.57 4.57 4.57 4.57

Wings area, m2

24.16 24.16 24.16 24.16 24.16

Empty mass, kg

3810 4149 4363 4469 4747

Full flying-off mass, kg

9072 10206 10206 11113 11113
Engine 1 Wright J65-W-4 1 Wright J65-W-16A 1 Wright J65-W-16A 1 Pratt & Whitney J52-P-6 1 Pratt & Whitney J52-P-408

Force, kgf

3540 3493 3493 3855 5078
Maximal speed, km/h 1069 1064 1044 1085 1103
Cruise speed, km/h   1012 1012 1024 1038
Flying range, km   2300 2300 3200 3307
Vertical speed, m/s       28.6 46.2
Maximal altitude, m   11800 11800 12880 12880
Complement 1 1 1 1 1
Armament 2 20-mm guns, 2269 kg of combat load (1 1361-kg point on hull with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bomb or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo; 2 454-kg wing points with 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette) ) 2 20-mm guns, 2269 kg of combat load (1 1361-kg point on hull with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bomb or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo; 2 454-kg wing points with 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette) 2 20-mm guns, 2439 kg of combat load (1 1531-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM; 2 454-kg wing points with 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM) 2 20-mm guns, 4536 kg of combat load (1 1588-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM or 1 GAU-13/A quadruple 30-mm gun; 2 1020-kg wing points with 2 907-kg bomb or 4 454-kg bombs or 8 227-kg bombs or 12 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Mk 11 mod.5 twin 20-mm guns; 2 454-kg wing points with: 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM) 2 20-mm guns, 4536 kg of combat load (1 1588-kg hull point with 1 Mk7, Mk8, Mk12 or Mk91 nuclear bomb or 1 907-kg bomb or 2 227-kg bombs or 4 113-kg bombs or 19 70-mm FFAR rockets or 1 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or mine or torpedo or 1 Bullpup ASM or 1 GAU-13/A quadruple 30-mm gun; 2 1020-kg wing points with 2 907-kg bomb or 4 454-kg bombs or 8 227-kg bombs or 12 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Mk 11 mod.5 twin 20-mm guns 2 Walleye guided bomb or 2 Paveway II guided bomb or 2 Sidewinder AAM; 2 454-kg wing points with: 2 454-kg bombs or 4 227-kg bombs or 8 113-kg bombs or 38 70-mm FFAR rockets or 8 127-mm Zuni rockets or 2 Rockeye Mk20 bombcassette or 2 Bullpup ASM or 2 Shrike ARM or 2 Maverick ASM or 2 Sidewinder AAM)

XA4D-1 Skyhawk

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008