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Naval aviation and armaments

 

United States of America - Naval aviation and armament

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - TORPEDOES

Caliber,

 mm

Type

Year

Ships used on

Full

mass, kg

Length, kg

Explosive

charge

Explosive

mass, kg

Fire

range, km

Speed,

 kts

Heading

 system

Max depth, m

360

14.2`` Howell

1889

surface ships

263

3.35

wet gun cotton

45.4

0.4

25

---

---

450

18`` Bliss Mk 1, 1913 - type B

1890

surface ships

526

5.00

wet gun cotton

100

0.7

27.5

---

---

450

18`` Whitehead Mk 1

1894

surface ships

383

3.56

wet gun cotton

53.5

0.7

26.5

---

---

450

18`` Whitehead Mk 2

1896

surface ships

383

3.56

wet gun cotton

53.5

0.7

27

---

---

450

18`` Whitehead Mk 2*, 1913 - type C

1898

surface ships

559

5.00

wet gun cotton

60

1.4

28.5

---

---

450

18`` Whitehead Mk 3, 1913 - type A

1900

surface ships, A, B classes submarines

383

3.56

wet gun cotton

53.5

0.7

26.5

---

---

533

21`` Bliss-Leavitt Mk 1, 1913 - Mk 1

1904

surface ships

680

5.00

wet gun cotton

91

3.7

27

---

---

533

21`` Bliss-Leavitt Mk 2, 1913 - Mk 2

1905

surface ships

680

5.00

wet gun cotton

91

3.2

26

---

---

533

21`` Bliss-Leavitt Mk 3, 1913 - Mk 3

1906

surface ships

680

5.00

wet gun cotton

91

3.7

26

---

---

450

18`` Whitehead Mk 5, 1913 - Mk 5

1908

destroyers, torpedo boats

659

5.18

wet gun cotton

91

3.7

1.8

0.9

27

36

40

---

---
450 18`` Bliss-Leavitt Mk 6, 1913 - Mk 6 1911 cruisers, destroyers, E - H classes submarines 616 5.18 wet gun cotton 91 1.8 35 --- ---

450

18`` Bliss-Leavitt Mk 4, 1913 - Mk 4

1912

C, D classes submarines

680

5.00

wet gun cotton

63.3

1.8

30

---

---

450

18`` Bliss-Leavitt Mk 7, 1913 - Mk 7

1912

K, O, R classes submarines

738

5.18

TNT

148

5.5

35

---

---
533 21`` Mk 8 1914 destroyers, PT boats 1383 6.51 TNT 211 14.6 26 --- ---
533 21`` Mk 9 1915 battleships, S class submarines 914 5.00 TNT 95 6.4 27 --- ---

533

21`` Mk 10

1918

S class submarines

1005

4.95

TNT

225

3.2

36

---

---

533

21`` Mk 11

1926

cruisers, destroyers

1593

6.88

TNT

227

5.5

9.2

13.7

46

34

27

---

---

533

21`` Mk 12

1930

cruisers, destroyers

1590

6.88

TNT

227

6.4

9.2

13.7

44

34

27

---

---

533

21`` Mk 14

1931

submarines

1488

6.25

torpex

292

4.1

8.2

46

31

---

---

533

21`` Mk 15

1935

cruisers, destroyers

1742

7.32

torpex

374

5.5

9.2

13.7

45

33.5

26.5

---

---
533 21`` Mk 23 1943 submarines 1488 6.25 torpex 292 4.1 46 --- ---
569 22.4`` Mk 13 1944 PT boats 1005 4.09 torpex 262 5.8 33.5 --- ---
533 21`` Mk 18 1944 submarines 1431 6.22 torpex 261 3.7 29 --- ---
483 19`` Mk 27 1944 submarines 327 2.29 torpex 95 4.6 12 passive sonar 150
533 21`` Mk 16 1945 submarines 1814 6.25 torpex 428 12.5 46 --- ---
533 21`` Mk 17 1945 destroyers 2087 7.32 torpex 399 16.5 46 --- ---
569 22.4`` Mk 25 1945 PT boats 1046 4.09 torpex 329 2.3 40 --- ---
533 21`` Mk 28 1945 submarines 1270 6.25 torpex 265 3.7 19.6 passive sonar ---
483 19`` Mk 32 1945 surface ships (ASW) 318 2.11 torpex 49 8.8 12 active sonar 120
533 21`` Mk 35 1949 surface ships, submarines (ASW and anti-ship) 803 4.12 torpex 123 13.7 27 by wires 250
254 10`` Mk 43 1952 surface ships (ASW) 118 2.32 torpex 25 4.1 21 passive sonar 250
533 21`` Mk 39 1956 submarines (ASW) 578 3.38 torpex 59 11.9 15.5 by wires 300

483

19`` Mk 37

1957

surface ships, submarines (ASW)

649

3.43

torpex

150

9.1

21.5

26

17

semi-active sonar

300

324 12.75`` Mk 44 1960 surface ships, ASROC missile 193 2.54 torpex 34 5.5 30 passive sonar 300
483 19`` NT37 1970 surface ships, submarines (ASW) 649 3.43 torpex 150 16.4 36 by wires 300

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008