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Naval aviation and armaments

United Kingdom - naval aviation and armaments

UNITED KINGDOM - ANTI-SUBMARINE WEAPONS

depth charges

Type

Year

Mass, kg

Type and mass of explosive, kg

Sinking speed, m/s

Maximal depth setting, m

Type of piston

Type D Mark III

1916

191

TNT - 136

amatol from 1930s - 136

2.1

90

hydrostatic

Mark VII

1939

191

TNT - 132

3.0

90

later 180

hydrostatic

Mark VII Heavy

1940

259

TNT - 130

minol from 1942 - 130

5.1

90

hydrostatic

Mark X

1942

1383

TNT - 907

1.8

70

hydrostatic

MarkXII

1942

 

minol - 25

    hydrostatic

Mark XIII

1942

 

minol - 56

    hydrostatic

Mark X*

1943

1383

TNT - 907

6.4

200

hydrostatic

Mark X**

1945

1383

TNT - 907

15.2

460

hydrostatic

DC racks

Type

Year

Number of DCs

Type of DCs

DC throwers

Type

Year

Fire range, km

Fire depth, m

Explosive type and mass, kg

DC mass, kg

Number and caliber of bores, mm

Mark II Thornycroft ("K"-gun)

1915

0.027

90

TNT - 136

amatol from 1930s - 132

191

1 x 241

Mark III (USA) ("Y"-gun)

1917

0.027

90

TNT - 136

191

2 x 241

Mark IV

1941

0.061

0.047

90

TNT - 132

TNT - 130

191

259

1 x 241

Mark V

1944

0.071

0.057

90

TNT - 132

TNT - 130

191

259

1 x 152

Mark 6 (USA) ("K"-gun)

1941

0.062

0.050

90

TNT - 132

TNT - 130

191

259

1 x

Hedgehog

1942

0.18

180

torpex - 15.9

29.5

24 x 180

Split Hedgehog

1942

0.18

180

torpex - 15.9

29.5

2 x 12 x 180

Squid

1943

0.25

270

minol - 94

177

3 x 305

Limbo

1955

0.91

270

minol - 94

177

3 x 305

 

Ivan Gogin, 2007